General Information of Tibet
Tibet is one of the places you must have to visit once in your life time. As we all know that after the centuries of virtual isolation Tibet is finally opening up to the western world. It is a great place for experience of tourism where Kathmandu provides the gate way for Tibet.There is a direct flight to Lhasa from here but if you want then you can also drive from Kathmandu. Trekking routes are from Humla in Nepal to Simikote to Mount Kailash in Tibet. We suggest you to visit Tibet at the month from May to September. Tibetan language is generally classified in Tibeto-Burman language of the Sino-Tibetan language where the boundaries between 'Tibetan' and certain other Himalayan languages can be unclear.
History of Tibet:
Tibet history is closely linked with the Buddhism as the religion played a major role in development of Mangol and Manchu cultures. Humans inhabited the Tibetan Plateau at least 21,000 years ago. This population was largely replaced around 3,000 BP by Neolithic immigrants from northern China, but there is a partial genetic continuity between the Paleolithic inhabitants and contemporary Tibetan populations. The earliest Tibetan historical texts identify the Zhang Zhung culture as a people who migrated from the Amdo region into what is now the region of Guge in western Tibet. Zhang Zhung is considered to be the original home of the Bön religion. By the 1st century BCE, a neighboring kingdom arose in the Yarlung valley, and the Yarlung king, Drigum Tsenpo, attempted to remove the influence of the Zhang Zhung by expelling the Zhang's Bön priests from Yarlung. He was assassinated and Zhang Zhung continued its dominance of the region until it was annexed by Songtsen Gampo in the 7th century.
According to the mythology of Tibet names Nyatri Tsenpo as the first king of Tibet at the date differ from 125BC to 400Bc depending on different text. Zhang Zhung was annexed by Nimri Songtsen in the 7th century who united parts of the Yarlung River Valley and founded the Tibetan Empire and from 7th to 11th century emperors of Yarlung Dynasty ruled Tibet. During the period of 9th century all the way south to part of Bengal and gar north to Mangolia was extended by the Tibetan Empire and also started to fragment with rebellions as well as rise of regional warlords. And by the period of 11th century the entire Tibetan empire collapsed and central rule was largely nonexistent. A the time period of mid 14th century, the rise of phagmodru family who ruled Tibet as indipedent country and lasted nearly for 400 years. The great Fifth Dalai Lama created most of the uniting Tibetan Heartland Under the control of Gelung School of Tibetan Buddhism. During the period of the 6th Dalai Lama, Tibet came in control of Machurian Qing Dynasty and continued on and off until beginning of 19th century and after the fall of Quing Dynasty and Tibet again enjoyed independency until 1950s where China again started pressuring their force to have their control over Tibet. In 1965 Tibet was renamed as Tibet Autonomous region of china, where as current 14th Dalai Lama Fled to India in 1959 and also Tibetan Government In the Mountain region of Dharamsala.